Garbage treatment process consists of five vertebrae. The first link here reduction at source, including planning before the amount of waste produced by her future, while trying to reduce the production of waste already at the product design and packaging. The second link here reusing packaging or products. Recycling waste is the third link and the fourth is a waste to energy. The last link, and has a heavy environmental price more enjoyable landfill.
Until a decade ago, the treatment of waste in the country would profit landfill. Waste disposal means disposal in a particular area, piles and mounds of garbage. Landfill necessity constituted an economic solution to get rid of the waste, since it would not involve complex logistics or higher costs. What’s needed is only available space, which can throw out the trash without special treatment.
Currently, only 20% of the quantities of waste treated in Israel, while the remaining 80% is landfilled. It is important to understand that landfilling serious environmental impact. Piles of garbage emit dangerous gases into the air and polluting the soil and groundwater. In addition, the waste mountains occupy relatively large area, a reality in which land itself is a limited resource. Meanwhile, it should be noted that the amount of waste in Israel increased by 3% to 5% annually.
In recent decades, joined the Knesset environmental protection and waste treatment, and enacted relevant laws on the subject:
Maintenance of Cleanliness Law
Enacted in 1984, states that a person should not stain or dispose of waste in the public domain, as well as shipped from the public space private space. The local authorities to allocate sites for disposal of garbage, including construction waste, trimmings, scrap vehicle tires. The law established the Maintenance of Cleanliness Fund, in order to concentrate financial resources for the purposes of protecting the environment and cleanliness, to prevent dumping and to ensure treatment of waste. Waste treatment, including recycling, preventing terrorists, illegal signage removal and eradication of crimes in the area of hazardous materials.
A decade after the enactment of the Maintenance of Cleanliness Law, 1993 was enacted recycling law, which requires local authorities to allocate land for the establishment of centers in their respective fields which will be installed in the designated containers and recycling facilities. In addition, local authorities were required to determine bylaw regulations for collection and removal of waste recycling in their respective fields. Moreover, this law stated that the duty of every owner of a residence or business, recycling facilities install and maintain them. This law also requires avoid an unsorted waste disposal recycling facilities.
In 1998 enacted regulations concerning collection and removal of waste for recycling purposes. The regulations require the various authorities to report on the quantities of waste produced in their territory, in order to set binding targets for recycling in the coming years.
A law that every bottle of any drink in the country highlighted the value of the deposit paid against the return. Price deposit included or added to get the drink, while the consumer can be returned at any home business that sells drinks. In addition, manufacturers and importers are required to recycle at least 90 percent of all beverage bottles and containers collected each year, factories licensed to do so.
Tire recycling law
Law, enacted in 2007, regulates the protection of the environment against the hazards of untreated waste tires. In the same year, was added to the cleaning section reserved for law to impose a tax on landfill, to make recycling become more economic in relation to it, when the levies collected are transferred directly to the Maintenance of Cleanliness Fund.
Packaging Treatment Regulation Law enacted in 2011, encourages recycling of packaging, by imposing responsibility on the Mihzorn on manufacturers and importers, and requires them to report the weight of packaging products sold by them every year.
In 2012, another environmental law was enacted, regulating the waste management of batteries, batteries and electrical and electronic equipment, and encourages the reuse of it as well as prevention of landfilling, in order to reduce the negative effects of environmental and health level.
In recent decades, growing environmental awareness in Israel and around the world, and the relation to waste undergoes significant changes. Currently, local authorities, manufacturers, importers and factories are the main responsible for waste management – from the reduction in consumption volumes, for evacuating waste and recycling to extract the inherent value. Packaging Law 2020 stipulates that packaging waste landfill will cease altogether. This objective will be achieved through education and information, at all levels: from preschool to adult citizens. In addition, fines and fees and incentives granted to the authorities and industry in order to promote this goal.