Not particularly pleasant to talk about trash. It does not look and smell good, and in fact constitutes a nuisance most of us prefer to ignore. But sometimes reality slaps us, especially when open trash containers overflowing stench already impossible to repress more. These situations, which sell Unfortunately many of us may make us awareness of the society towards the waste it produces, as well as reflections about the presence of garbage in the public sphere, and the side effects it brings, such as the masses of rats attracted to garbage.
Environmental awareness is developed in relation to the world
Israelis placed second in the world rankings junk manufacturers, with about seven million tons of garbage and municipal waste each year, and an average increase of about two percent of the volume of household waste. The public is asked to throw out the trash bins and recycling facilities ranging from garbage cans green, orange, blue or brown for garbage containers “Frogs” green or containers Pits and cages and containers to recycling. As a result, sidewalks and urban landscape increasingly losing their territory, in favor of the various collection facilities, clean or dirty. In addition, the separation of household waste will be chosen in recent years by the Ministry of Environmental Protection, and there is legislation (deposit law, Recycle Law, Packaging Law and the Law of the tires).
Indeed, in small communities, which have developed environmental consciousness and a communal atmosphere, easier to manage the waste; But however big cities, despite attempts to encourage the separation of trash, most household waste is still thrown and not classified. Not only that, but the majority of municipal waste finds its way tanks are open, and creates an aesthetic nuisance and foul the urban landscape.
Do not be a better solution?
In a sense the country worship for recycling, but in different cities in Germany, for example, ceased to separate the different household waste bins. This is because these multiplied up to seven types, and led the Germans to understand that in fact you can not get the recycled materials will be completely clean. Moreover, the multiplicity of bins in the urban space itself constitutes an environmental hazard and a nuisance. Against this there is the possibility to place the tip device automatically separates the trash.
In many cities across Europe and the United States have gone to this method, and set-edge urban facilities which make the bulk of waste separation. Such a development could be gradual and adapted to every community in the country and abilities: if settlement can treat organic matter – it is better to separate it; If you can not care less separation of packaging and where possible to install an automated system to sort trash to separate everything – this is the best option.
The construction boom of new neighborhoods there are now around the country may create momentum, which is the right time to install such systems, as already done in the “build green”. This neighborhood residents throw garbage from their apartment facility at the edge of the neighborhood, no trash cans. There are also built-up areas can plant the ground ugly trash cans, separating wet organic waste and containers and packaging.
Although there are several places where tanks have been installed gutter, but failed to reach aesthetic results. But when it is held concurrently organized advocacy to residents, as for example in the commercial center of Zichron Yaacov, and avoids disposing of the cardboard containers Hmotmnim, you receive a clean environment and bins work well.
Tel Aviv: the waste situation in the various neighborhoods
Around Tel Aviv there are significant differences between the rich and poor parts of the city, based on the logical relationship exists between environment prevailing dirt aspects like alienation, reduction in property values and few visitors. In the northern neighborhoods of Tel Aviv, where there is widespread construction – such as sea views, Tel Baruch North, Tzameret or Ramat Aviv Gimmel – garbage cans are located at the rear of the ground floor, with no visible presence in the building or on the street.
In contrast, in the center of the city, the situation is different: the building’s residents are obliged to set up a mysterious old garbage in the front yard. Waste compounds hedged heart of the city, there are pairs of green collection containers, and even occasionally appear blue recycling all paper. In some places the paper were taken from the home, because the municipality did not concern their evacuation, and instead were placed in huge tanks blocking the sidewalks.
South of the city and Jaffa, scattered Frogs “in the streets, those metal garbage containers almost always open and overflowing. Garbage cans are buried, a relatively new invention, which are protruding door waste disposal, could be an excellent substitute for, but rather over a dirty tin so you usually can not reach it.
Environmental Protection Agency grants to encourage the municipality to launch in 2011 a pilot waste separation and recycling in the southern neighborhoods and the poorest white Onooh Aliazr. The frogs were replaced in pairs containers Pits: brown and green wet waste, dry waste, along with a blue sheet paper and plastic bottles cage facilities. According to tests the Rathaus, the pilot was not a success. Despite the great efforts invested in publicity, the residents refused to cooperate. They may have difficulty separating waste for small kitchens in most homes, and perhaps many shy away from contact with wet organic waste. When the municipality has begun implementing the Packaging Law, is already dissolved the hundreds of orange bins Northern neighborhoods situated just north of the river.
Waste treatment policy is different in each area of Tel Aviv as new neighborhoods are organized and arranged, and in old garbage cans designed as an integral part of the public space. Pits, common in old cities as news in Europe, are a solution designed to replace the cages and tanks congestion ugly, and eliminate the hazard.
Jerusalem: Apart from the residential areas of the Arab and ultra-Orthodox sectors – clean city
First it should be noted that the capital’s waste disposal process has become more complex due to the political and social situation. There is a severe shortage of the number of garbage containers Arab neighborhoods in the north and east of the city, especially those beyond the separation wall Bir Aiob Siloan, Tsur Baher and Umm Tuba. Even if city officials for their part, argue that all neighborhoods receive full collection and removal of garbage in the streets considerable level of sanitation is not satisfactory.
Ultra-Orthodox neighborhoods, especially those in the center of the city, residents have garbage bins to block streets during demonstrations against the gay pride parade, the opening of business on Saturday or induction into the army. Therefore, the municipality chose Frogs “massive meet the vandalism. Following severe criticism on the dirt and grime that inundate the city, the municipality decided on the replacement of open garbage container collection facilities buried in the ground.
Before applying the Packaging Law in 2011, the Jerusalem Municipality began the establishment of end-device to be used as a center for recycling. This facility, the waste is sorted and separated into different types, optical and mechanical means. The idea is that the waste is sorted and become compost will be scattered in nature, and the means used for the purposes of energy production and electricity. Facility-end load eases trash in public spaces in the city, next to the recycling containers for plastic, cardboard and paper located around the capital, the municipal recycling center and recycling sites in various neighborhoods.
Yavne: Green Revolution model
“Build green” Here is a neighborhood built in the southern part of the city three years ago. The new buildings were installed pneumatic systems that enable direct and easy evacuation of the central system. Each floor has two openings garbage – for dry and wet trash. Residents throw waste openings, and from there it continues to block the joint system, and hidden in the ground in a remote location from the living area. Once a week, draw their garbage into the tube central system, and treated so as to allow sorting, reducing volumes and removing odors. From there, the sorted waste tanks, trucks and transported vacated garbage site. Research took place in S. Neaman Institute at the Technion national policy research, commissioned by the Ministry of Environment, found that automated systems are designated for the collection of garbage are pneumatic progressive alternative method of waste removal trucks. Pneumatic collection allows a significant reduction in operating expenses, especially when applied in large neighborhoods cost high-rise buildings.
Misgav residents of the community and rural communities recycle more
Galilee Misgav Regional Council, includes twenty-nine-six Jewish settlements Bedouin communities, and gives an example of good and responsible management of waste by residents. The plastic containers collected recycling cages; E-waste is collected directly from people’s homes; Cartons are then collected in a special cage; Paperwork in the designated containers and discarded cuttings allocated sites it turns by the Council, to the needs of ground cover. Among its activities to promote environmental protection, the Council composters distributed to all comers, so residents can recycle the organic ts and make their own compost. According to information provided by the existing division Misgav council, in Jewish communities achieved significant success in separating waste, due to the constant motivation of the Main Board and thanks to progressive environmental consciousness of local residents. In contrast, the Bedouin communities, the challenge is more complex and requires basic education about the need to dispose of waste collection containers. It should be noted that in Europe found responsible for waste separation more successful residents of rural areas in light of communal discipline prevails in them, the larger location which can be placed in a variety of dumpsters and recycling facilities, and the existence of fewer bystanders.
The fascinating experiment conducted in Bnei Brak
The public space in the city of Bnei Brak, crowded and poor, not well maintained and clean at all. However, over the past year, which was, of course, fallow year, spread throughout the Bnei Brak municipality hundred sheets of brown organic waste disposal.
Despite the low level of environmental awareness among city residents, increased religiosity and has resulted in a unique mechanism for the purposes of separating waste at source. To make sure this garbage will not in any way find Hiriya garbage collection, municipal tied the bins Sabbatical lock and chain. Garbage Truck organic ones were evacuated after the last wash carefully, while preventing any contact with waste differently. Food scraps were moved to Hiriya, special container, until they reach a state of decay and turn into compost. In this way, both in the Haredi city, there is recycling. However a quick look at the general trash image reveals the city has not yet been mistreated.